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Geography of Thoothukudi

When it comes to the geography of Thoothukudi, beaches, flora and fauna, greenery and rocks all comes in our mind at first. Thoothukudi is located on the coastal belt of South India forming a very long stretch of the flat surface. Just like most of the part of South India, Thoothukudi has red soil and dust. Beaches of Thoothukudi are usually silent unlike other beaches and give a perfect opportunity to relax and enjoy. It is located at 81oN and 78.14oE with an elevation of about 13 ft.`

Geography of Thoothukudi

Neighbors of Thoothukudi

When it comes to the neighbors of Thoothukudi, Gulf of Mannar is located on its east and south-east side, Tirunelveli is located on its west and south-west side and Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram are located on the north side of the district. As far as, if we look at the same from big city’s perspective, then it is located in the south of Chennai and in the north of Kanyakumari at a distance of around 540 Km and 125 Km respectively.

Distance Chart from Thoothukudi to nearby localities and other important cities


  • Thoothukudi to Madurai - 146 km
  • Thoothukudi to Rameshwaram - 180 km
  • Thoothukudi to Kanyakumari – 128 Km
  • Thoothukudi to Tirunelveli – 56 Km
  • Thoothukudi to Coimbatore  - 360 Km
  • Thoothukudi to Bangalore (Karnataka) - 580 km
  • Thoothukudi to Chennai  (Tamil Nadu) - 597 km
  • Thoothukudi to Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) – 1149 Km
  • Thoothukudi to Goa (Goa) – 1146 Km
  • Thoothukudi to Kerala (Kerala) – 430 Km
  • Thoothukudi to Mumbai (Maharashtra) - 1571 km
  • Thoothukudi to New Delhi (Delhi) – 2703 km

Click here for the full list of distance chart of important cities with Thoothukudi


Climate of Thoothukudi


Being located on the coastal belt, the city enjoys tropical climate always. Usually the summers are pretty hot with a very gentle winter and frequent rain throughout the year.  Summer months start from March and end in June. Usually the climate is very hot with a lot of humidity at this time of year.  Hottest time of the year usually falls between May and June. The city enjoys a minimum and maximum temperature of 32 degrees Celsius to 39 degrees Celsius during summer months. Winters are quite cool and January is the coolest month of the year. The city enjoys a temperature of around 26 degrees Celsius during winter months from November to January. September and October are the rainiest months here. The city receives around 700 mm rainfall in entire year. Worst thing about the weather of Thoothukudi is its humidity, which you must avoid at any cost by planning your trip in winter or monsoon season as the summers give a clear invitation to humidity. Best time to visit Thoothukudi is from August to January.

Land forms of Thoothukudi


Being on the coastal belt of South India, the city has flat terrain and the soil is clay sandy usually. And the water table differentiate between 1 m (3.3 ft) to 4 m (13 ft) below ground level. Sothern part of the city is full of salt pans, while northern part is made of loose soil and spiky shrubs.

Flora and Fauna of Thoothukudi


The city enjoys vast flora and fauna due to its proximity to the sea. 21 islands are located between Thoothukudi and Rameshwaram in the Gulf of Mannar forming a biosphere reserve of India, which is home to around 36000 different species of flora and fauna.  Some of the very common species of the area include holothurians, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, mollusca, algae, reef fish, coral reefs and pearl oysters.

Water Resources of Thoothukudi   


Water Resources in Thoothukudi

Thoothukudi does not have its own dam due to the lack of water resources and the city is dependent on Papanasam and Manimuthar dams of the neighboring district Tirunelveli for irrigation purpose. Some of the known rivers of the area are Thamirabarani River, Vaipar River and Karumeni River. As far as reservoirs are concerned, there is a small one is located in Ottapidaram taluk at Eppodumvendran village.

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